Bisnis.com, JAKARTA – Experts assess the results of the Asean agreement to form the Troika mechanism as a further step to resolve the conflict in Myanmar.
Lecturer in International Relations (HI) at the National Development University (UPN) Veteran Yogyakarta Hestutomo Restu Kuncoro stated that the formation of Troika was a positive step for Asean.
“Troika is a positive step, because Troika ensures that the Myanmar issue will still be an important issue even when there is a change of chair,” he said to Bisnis, Tuesday (26/9/2023). He stated that now he only needed to wait for further action, but if the impact was the same, it would certainly be difficult.
“Directly we need to wait. But if then what every chair does is the same, it might be difficult,” he said. Furthermore, he explained that from the start Asean’s position had been very difficult to resolve the conflict in Myanmar.
“The problem goes back to earlier, structurally, Asean finds it difficult to resolve problems involving members, when there is no consent from those members,” he added.
Hestutomo previously explained that Asean’s position was actually difficult, because Asean adheres to the principle of non-interference.
“In Asean there is something called the principle of non-interference, which means that Asean member countries must not interfere in the domestic affairs of other members,” he said. Furthermore, with this principle, he explained that actions that are related to the domestic conditions of a country are taboo.
Apart from that, he explained that ASEAN also upholds the principle of consensus, even in making agendas. “When one country doesn’t want to discuss a certain issue, then other countries cannot force it. For example, if Asean wants to discuss humanitarian issues in Myanmar in the Asean forum, and Myanmar refuses, then the issue cannot be discussed,” he explained.
Meanwhile, he emphasized that ASEAN can only effectively resolve the conflict if Myanmar is willing to talk, but if it doesn’t, it will certainly be difficult. As is known, the results of the 43rd ASEAN High Level Conference (KTT) in Jakarta agreed to the formation of a Troika to resolve the conflict in Myanmar.
Troika comes from Russian, which means triad. Troika is a form of leadership of an organization that is held by three parties with the same role. The Troika will consist of the country holding the Asean chairmanship, the previous Asean chairmanship, and the next Asean chairmanship.